The intercropping of vegetables

To obtain abundant harvests it is very important to implement the so-calledassociation. With theassociationvegetables belonging to different botanical families are grown in the same flower bed in order to have a good distribution and optimize the availability of nutrients present in the soil.

The practice ofassociationis very cared for especially by those who cultivate asynergistic garden. Thanks toassociationnot only is it possible to better distribute the micronutrients present in the soil, also the risks of having a crop compromised by parasitic attacks are reduced as diseases and parasites affect a specific vegetable and not vegetables belonging to different botanical families.

Intercropping and addition of legumes
To maximize the presence of micronutrients in the soil and have a fertile soil, it is important that every flowerbed in the garden has plants such as beans, peas, broad beans or other legumes; these are plants capable of fixing nitrogen present in the atmosphere in the soil, nitrogen is a very important element for the growth of vegetables.

Intercropping, aromatic and annual plants 
Among the vegetable plants it is possible to cultivate in our flower bedsherbsannuals like basil and parsley or perennials like rosemary, sage and thyme. Aromatic herbs coexist well with vegetables. Annual flowering plants can also be added to our garden, especially the marigolds that are effective in fighting soil nematodes, microorganisms that settle in the roots and cause their deterioration. Besides the annual flowering plants such as marigold, it is also possible to insert the nasturtium, useful for attracting insects such as bees.

Consociation based on development
When we talk aboutassociation,in addition to referring to the cultivation in the same bed of vegetables from different botanical families, we also refer to the association of vegetables with different vegetative development. Thereassociationin fact, it also provides for the cultivation in the same bed of climbing vegetables and vegetables with reduced development, as well as vegetables with a deep root system and others that instead develop mainly on the surface.

Examples of association in the garden
Just to give you some examples of association, we suggest some useful combinations to better organize the flower beds in your garden. We suggest the vegetables fromassociatekeeping in mind both their development and their botanical family.

  • Bean and climbing pea (to be grown in the center of the flower bed), can be combined with head and cut lettuce or chard or cut chard which should be placed towards the outside of the flower bed.
  • Tomato, pepper and eggplant can be grown in the center of the flower bed and surrounded, towards the outside, by peas or kidney beans.
  • Another useful association is that between fennel (to be grown in the center of the flower bed) and dwarf green beans to be grown outside.
  • The cabbage can be combined with the kidney bean to be placed towards the outside of the flowerbed.
  • Bean or dwarf pea to be grown towards the center of the flower bed, they can be combined with spinach or lamb's lettuce to be grown towards the outside.

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Video: Intercropping from Spring into Summer (December 2021).